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Basic first aid refers to the initial process of assessing and addressing the needs of someone who has been injured or is in physiological distress due to choking, a heart attack, allergic reactions, drugs or other medical emergencies. Basic first aid allows you to quickly determine a person's physical condition and the correct course of treatment. You should always seek professional medical help as soon as you are able, but following correct first aid procedures can be the difference between life and death. Follow our entire tutorial, or find specific advice by checking out the sections listed above.

Treating Common Problems In First Aid Scenarios

Clicks:Updated:2015-12-10 10:12:06

1.Protect yourself from bloodborne pathogens.Bloodborne pathogens can threaten your health and wellbeing by causing sickness and disease.If you have a first aid kit,sanitize your hands and put on sterile gloves.If sterile gloves and sanitizer are not available,protect your hands with extra gauze or cotton.Avoid direct contact with the other person's blood.If you do end up making contact,make sure to clean yourself off as soon as possible.Eliminate any remaining sources of contamination.

2.Stop the bleeding first.After you have established that the victim is breathing and has a pulse,your next priority should be to control any bleeding.Control of bleeding is one of the most important things you can do to save a trauma victim.Use direct pressure on a wound before trying any other method of managing bleeding.

3.Treat shock next.Shock,often caused a loss of blood flow to the body,frequently follows physical and occasionally psychological trauma.A person in shock will frequently have cool,clammy skin,be agitated or have an altered mental status,and have pale color to the skin around the face and lips.Untreated,shock can be fatal.Anyone who has suffered a severe injury or life-threatening situation is at risk for shock.

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4.Provide first aid for a broken bone.A broken bone,however common,can be treated with the following steps:
(1)Immobilize the area.Make sure that the broken bone doesn't have to move or support any other body parts.
(2)Numb the pain.Often,this can be done with an ice-pack covered by a towel.
(3)Make a splint.A bundle of newspapers and sturdy tape will do just the trick.A broken finger,for example,can also use another finger as a stabilizing splint.
(4)Make a sling,if necessary.Tie a shirt or a pillowcase around a broken arm and then around the shoulder.

5.Provide first aid for a broken bone.A broken bone,however common,can be treated with the following steps: Immobilize the area.Make sure that the broken bone doesn't have to move or support any other body parts. Numb the pain.Often,this can be done with an ice-pack covered by a towel.
Make a splint.A bundle of newspapers and sturdy tape will do just the trick.A broken finger,for example,can also use another finger as a stabilizing splint.
Make a sling,if necessary.Tie a shirt or a pillowcase around a broken arm and then around the shoulder.

6.Learn how to treat a burn.Treat first- and second-degree burns by immersing or flushing with cool water (no ice).Don't use creams,butter or other ointments,and do not pop blisters.Third degree burns should be covered with a damp cloth.Remove clothing and jewelry from the burn,but do not try to remove charred clothing that is stuck to burns.

7.Look out for a concussion.If the victim has suffered a blow to the head,look for signs of concussion.Common symptoms include:
(1)Loss of consciousness following the injury
(2)Disorientation or memory impairment
(3)Vertigo
(4)Nausea
(5)Lethargy.

8.Treat a Spinal Injury Victim.If you suspect a spinal injury,it is especially critical that you not move the victim's head,neck or back unless they are in immediate danger.You also need to take special care when performing rescue breathing or CPR.

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