Haematology, is the branch of biology (physiology), pathology, clinical laboratory, internal medicine, and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases. Here are some important aspects to learn about it when you first start studying haematology in medicine.
1. Know the different terminology for physicians specialized in haematology. Such physicians are known as haematologists.
2. Be aware that haematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology.
3. Learn about the blood diseases that affect the production and functions of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, the mechanism of coagulation, etc. Only some blood disorders can be cured.
4. Understand how blood is analyzed. Haematological analysis involves the determination of different blood parameters, which can be done using either the electronic quantification or the manual quantification.
5. Learn about "haematocrit. The term "haematocrit" was coined in 1903. Its roots stem from the Greek words hema- blood, and krites, judge - meaning to gauge or judge the blood.In mammals, haematocrit is independent of body size. The PCV of animals can also be determined, to know their anaemic state.
6. Learn which groups of individuals who are at risk for developing anaemia.
7. Learn about foetal haemoglobin, (also hemoglobin F or HbF). This is the main oxygen transport protein in the fetus during the last seven months of development in the uterus and in the newborn until the neonate (newborn child) is roughly 6 months old.
8. Learn about the sickle-cell disease Hydroxyurea. When fetal haemoglobin production is switched off after birth, normal children begin producing adult haemoglobin (HbA).
9. Understand genotyping. This refers to the process of determining the genotype of an individual by the use of electrophoresis. Current methods of doing this include PCR, DNA sequencing, ASO probes, and hybridization to DNA micro-arrays or beads. The technology is important in clinical research for the investigation of disease-associated genes.
10. Do some history research about the discovery of Blood groups. Experiments with blood transfusions, the transfer of blood or blood components into a person's blood stream, have been carried out for hundreds of years.
11. Understand what is blood made up of.
12. Understand the different blood groups. The differences in human blood are due to the presence or absence of certain protein molecules called antigens and antibodies.
13. Learn about blood group notation.
14. Learn how you find out to which blood group someone belongs.
15. Know what happens when the blood clumps or agglutinates.
16. Understand blood transfusions and who can receive blood from whom.
17. Learn about immunohistochemistry.
18. Learn about the role of cancer.
19. Learn about breast cancer. Breast cancer is an uncontrolled growth of breast cells.