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Basic first aid refers to the initial process of assessing and addressing the needs of someone who has been injured or is in physiological distress due to choking, a heart attack, allergic reactions, drugs or other medical emergencies. Basic first aid allows you to quickly determine a person's physical condition and the correct course of treatment. You should always seek professional medical help as soon as you are able, but following correct first aid procedures can be the difference between life and death. Follow our entire tutorial, or find specific advice by checking out the sections listed above.

How to perform CPR - follow these simple steps

Clicks:Updated:2017-12-22 14:12:23

How to perform CPR - follow these simple steps

To learn how to perform CPR, follow these simple steps:

Step 1: Shake and shout

If you encounter an unconscious person, always check the hazards and look for the risks before starting to help.

Check response - gently shake the shoulder, loudly asked, "Are you okay?"

Call for help - if someone is nearby, please let them stay because you may need them. If you are alone, shout it out to attract attention, but do not leave this person.

Step 2: Check for normal breathing

People who have a sudden cardiac arrest will not breathe or will not breathe normally. They also do not realize it. Keep your head backwards and check if the person breathes normally by looking for the following person:

Regular Chest CPR examination Normal Breathing Demonstration

Listen to your breath

Feel the breath on your cheek

Look, listen, no more than 10 seconds. Do not confuse normal breathing wheeze. If you are not sure if their breathing is normal, it is not normal.

If you are certain that this person is breathing, then put them back in the recovery position and call the ambulance.

If breathing is not normal, open the respiratory tract. Put one hand on the forehead of a man, gently raise his head, and then raise his chin under the chin with two fingers of the other hand - when you do this, you open the airway.


Step 3: Call for ambulance

If you can not find anyone to help, call an ambulance before you start CPR.  

Step 4: Give 30 chest compressions

Kneel next to the person.CPR demonstration of chest compressions

Place the heel of one hand in the centre of their chest. Place your other hand on top of the first. Interlock your fingers.

With straight arms, use the heel of your hand to push the breastbone down firmly and smoothly, so that the chest is pressed down between 5–6 cm, and release.

Do this at a rate of 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute – that’s around 2 per second.

Give 30 chest compressions.

Step 5: Give two rescue breaths

Tilt the head back and raise your chin to open the airway again. Pinch the soft part of the nose off.

Normal breathing, sealing around the mouth, smooth exhalation.

A human chest should be ups and downs. Hold the person's head and chin up, put your mouth, breathe normally again and give a second resuscitation. Breath twice should not exceed five seconds.

Step 6: Repeat until an ambulance arrives

Repeat 30 times press and rescue breathing twice.

If you are unwilling to provide first aid, call an ambulance and provide a handheld CPR. This is better than doing nothing.

Continue working until professionals reach and take over, or begin to show signs of regaining consciousness such as coughing, eyes open, talking or breathing normally.

If you feel tired and someone helps you nearby, instruct them to continue.

Remember – even if you haven't been trained in CPR with rescue breathing, you can still use hands-only CPR.

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