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Are X-Rays Bad For Us - How X-Ray Works
Are X-Rays Bad For Us - How X-Ray Work
X-rays are a good complement to the medical community. They allow the doctor to observe the patient without any surgery. X-ray examination of fractures is easier and safer than opening the patient.
But X-rays can also be harmful. In the early days of X-ray science, many doctors exposed patients and their own light beam for a long time. In the end, doctors and patients started to develop radiation sickness. The medical community knew there were some problems.
The problem is that X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation. When normal light shines on an atom, it cannot change the atom in any important way. But when an X-ray encounters an atom, it can knock electrons off the atom, creating an ion, a charged atom. Free electrons then collide with other atoms to produce more ions.
The charge of an ion causes an unnatural chemical reaction inside the cell. In addition, the charge can damage the DNA strand. DNA stranded cells die or DNA can mutate. If many cells die, the body will develop various diseases. If the DNA is mutated, the cells may become cancerous and the cancer may spread. If the mutation is located in sperm or egg cells, birth defects may result. Due to all these risks, doctors are cautious about using X-rays today.
Even with these risks, X-ray scans are still safer than surgery. X-ray machines are a valuable tool in the medical field and an asset for security and scientific research. They are really one of the most useful inventions ever.